Less Than 1,000 Days Until the Next Total Solar Eclipse in the United States

On Monday, August 21, 2017, a total solar eclipse will be visible in some areas of the United States. This is now less than 1,000 days away. The event has been a long time coming. While the last total solar eclipse to be seen in the United States occurred in 1991, that event was limited to Hawaii. Before that, the last solar eclipse visible from the continental United States was on February 26, 1979.

While the 1979 event tracked across Oregon, Washington and Montana, people in 12 states will see the 2017 event. Both eclipses started in Oregon. The earlier one then tracked up into Canada. The 2017 eclipse starts in Oregon, travels across the central United States before finishing far out to sea beyond South Carolina.

A total solar eclipse is a rather rare occurrence. Estimates place the likelihood of any point on Earth experiencing one only every 400 years. This is not absolute, however. Several Oregon locations saw the 1979 eclipse and they will see the 2017 event as well. For them, experiencing two solar eclipses in a little more than 35 years is quite unusual. Closer yet are the cities of Carbondale, Illinois, and Cape Girardeau, Missouri. Residents there will see the 2017 eclipse as well as another in April, 2024. This separation of less than seven years for these two eclipses is very unusual. Of course, it may be hundreds of years before these cities see another.

To be a total eclipse, the moon must completely obscure the sun, for an observer standing on Earth. This can occur monthly, at New Moon. Ordinarily, however, the moon passes either above, or below, the sun’s position, as viewed from Earth. As a result, the moon’s shadow normally sweeps across open space. On rare occasions, as the moon passes directly in front of the sun, a shadow is cast upon the surface of the Earth. If the sun is partially obscured, a partial eclipse results. If the sun is completely obscured, a total solar eclipse occurs. The moon is much smaller than the sun, of course. In fact, the moon is some 400 times smaller. In an astronomical twist, the moon is also 400 times closer to the Earth. This makes the apparent size of the moon very close to the apparent size of the sun. When the moon passes directly in front of the sun, it is able to completely eclipse the sun, for some viewers on Earth.

The shadow cast by the moon, however, is very small. Depending on the distance between the Earth and the moon, which varies somewhat, the moon’s shadow will darken a strip of Earth about 70 miles wide. This strip is called the Zone of Totality. Those people located within this zone will experience a total solar eclipse. Those near, but outside, will see a partial solar eclipse.

On August 21, 2017, the sun is eclipsed for as much as 2 minutes and 40 seconds at the maximum point. Hopkinsville, Kentucky happens to be located at this point. People not located there may see a shorter eclipse duration. Those located outside the zone of totality will only see a partial eclipse. Some cities that will experience totality include Nashville, Tennessee, Kansas City and St. Louis, Missouri. The 2017 eclipse will potentially be seen by millions of people located across the United States.

Each total solar eclipse is unique, but there are similarities. The Earth will darken over time as the moon obscures more and more of the sun. This is the partial eclipse phase. As totality approaches, the amount of sunlight striking the Earth will be greatly diminished. The sky will become similar to twilight. Colors normally seen at sunset will be visible during the day. Birds, animals and insects will be fooled into believing that night is falling. Some will return to their nests or roosts. Nocturnal creatures will begin to emerge. These effects often happen even if a total solar eclipse occurs early in the morning. After totality ends, another partial eclipse phase occurs until the moon passes beyond the sun’s location.

The biggest factor that cannot be predicted with certainty is the weather on August 21, 2017. Cloudy weather could obscure the eclipse for interested observers. As a result, many people examine historical weather patterns in order to determine prime eclipse viewing locations. Since the 2017 event occurs in August, there are some rather promising weather possibilities. In Oregon, the August weather tends to be sunny and dry, perfect eclipse conditions. Morning fog, storms, or clouds, could thwart eclipse viewers, however.

Idaho and Wyoming residents will also experience the 2017 eclipse. The weather in these states could allow a very good eclipse viewing experience. The eclipse occurs fairly early in the day, lessening the possibility of localized thunderstorms.

As the total solar eclipse tracks across more states, from Nebraska to South Carolina, the possibility of inclement weather increases. These locations will experience the eclipse later in the day. Afternoon storms, or hazy weather, could be encountered. Such weather could limit the eclipse experience.

Many US cities have already begun planning for the August 21, 2017 total solar eclipse. The event represents an opportunity to entertain tens of thousands of visitors to cities located within the zone of totality. With proper attention to details, cities can provide a favorable eclipse experience that also highlights the attractions of the local area. Weather permitting, of course.

Bonus Facts:

– the distance from the Earth to the moon increases each year. In less than 1.5 billion years, the moon will not be close enough to produce total solar eclipses. After that, only partial or annular eclipses will occur.

– when the moon eclipses the sun, the sky darkens enough to allow planets and bright stars to be seen in the daytime. On August 21, 2017, the bright star Rigel should be visible low in the south. – Albert Einstein predicted that a total solar eclipse could provide direct proof of the General Theory of Relativity. He postulated that the eclipsed sun would cause light to be bent, for an observer on Earth. This would be proved as stars located behind the sun would appear to be shifted in location. This visual evidence was demonstrated during an eclipse in 1919.

– as the moon passes in front of the sun, it blocks enough sunlight that the solar corona, the super heated atmosphere, becomes visible to people on Earth. The shape of the corona is different during each eclipse as it is influenced by the level of magnetic solar storms, which constantly changes.

– ancient civilizations did not understand the science responsible for total solar eclipses. Eclipses were attributed to supernatural causes and thought to be bad omens.

– the theoretical maximum duration of a total solar eclipse is about 7 minutes. The 2017 eclipse is less than half this duration, at 2 minutes, 40 seconds for those located in Hopkinsville, Kentucky.

– the sun is not safe to view during any portion of the partial eclipse phase. Even if only 1% of the sun is visible, observers risk damage to their eyes through direct observation. At this eclipse stage, the sun appears to be dim enough to view. Unfortunately, the lit portion still transmits full force sunlight to the optic nerve. Because the level of light is so much lower than normal, the observer feels no urge to avert their gaze. Moreover, the optic nerve does not contain pain receptors so victims are unaware that their eyesight is being damaged. Proper eye protection is vital for all observers of the partial solar eclipse phase.

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The Last Chance for Gold

Growing up in my corner of Florida, there used to be an old gas station on the edge of the Everglades. The proprietor did a lot of business with his oversized, hand-painted warning sign:

Last Chance for Gas.

Beyond the fuel pumps were a thin two-lane ribbon of asphalt and 90 miles of swampy wilderness. No smartphones. No “emergency call boxes.” And, in most places along the highway, no guardrails either.

You were on your own – much like the economic wilderness we’re all forced to navigate today.

Which is why the sharp decline in gold prices and mining stocks is much like that warning sign… and a monetary gift…

In short, if you were waiting on the sidelines after this year’s monster rally, this is your second chance – and, in my view, your last chance – to buy gold at these prices. And it comes at just the right time. Typical Moves for Gold

Gold’s done a full round trip in buyer sentiment during the past 12 months: from being the world’s “most hated commodity” at its lows near $1,050 an ounce 12 months ago to “gotta buy it” status at $1,350 an ounce this summer.

With gold now fallen from those lofty heights, an investor is more likely to ask: “Gold, what have you done for me lately?”

In all, gold’s given back about 60% of its 2017 rally. Yet such sharp declines followed by a resumption of a broader trend higher is a typical early bull market move for this volatile metal. Most famous of these pullbacks was gold’s run to all-time highs in the 1970s.

Starting out at $35 an ounce in the early ’70s, as gold became legal for Americans to own once again, bullion prices soared to almost $190 an ounce in 1975. That’s quite a run all on its own. During the next 18 months, gold prices dropped back nearly 60%, falling to $100 before running to a then-record $800 an ounce in the next three and a half years.

The Song Remains the Same

Most important, when it comes to the companies that dig this stuff out of the ground… nothing has changed.

As I have pointed out in past months, gold mining firms have done a great job getting their costs down and making money to boot.

We noted as early as February that the elite companies in this group were making an average of $215 for every ounce of gold they were digging out of the ground and said, in no uncertain terms, to anyone who’d listen: “Stop panic selling gold mining stocks. Likewise, after cutting dividends in 2014 and 2015 as gold prices plummeted, many of the same companies have not only reinstituted payouts, they’ve started raising them again. In the meantime, mining firms have cleared away much of their old cost structures. That’s why Newmont Mining, as one example, has been able to drop its “AISC” – all-in sustaining costs – from $1,170 in 2012 to $910 so far in 2016.

The point is that there are many reasons to own gold: for speculative profits, as discussed above; for insurance; and for wealth preservation. But you can’t benefit from any of those strategies without taking advantage of the gift that is low gold prices and low expectations put on our table by Wall Street’s hair-trigger traders.

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Hottest Web Designing Trends Of 2017 Explored

Just a few days back, we actually came across a question (posted on a forum) regarding the eventual death of web design. Much as we couldn’t gauge why such a question had actually cropped up, we were not even interested in finding out details because of one simple reason – we were more excited to find out what web designing actually has in store in 2017.

Let us tell you that 2017 is going to be a great year for designing and development and today we will walk you through the trends that are going to evolve and become stronger this year. Let us read on to explore further.

Parallax is coming with custom graphics: It’s going to be a great combination

Parallax is going to get stronger with custom graphics. As we all know by now, Parallax enjoys a desirable position in the web designing sphere – thanks to the fresh elements added by it. One of the main reasons why this trend has tasted success is because it allows visitors to pay attention to every stroll. In 2017, expect parallax designs to be backed by custom graphics, complete with the high-resolution screens, retina speed and faster internet connection. Users can enjoy one of the hottest web design trends -i.e. graphics – expected to do away with the minor flaws of parallax. Will Lazy Load continue to be prominent?

Lazy load is one attribute which, it is believed, helps websites to load faster. 2017 in all probability is going to witness improved lazy load functionality when the site images will load even before the viewport appears on your screen. As of now, visitors have to wait for a certain amount of time before the images load properly. In 2017, we are definitely expecting this problem to be done away with.

The rise and rise of flat designs

Flat designs are definitely going to stick around and make their presence felt. Imagine how designers were busy demonstrating their complicated web skills by filling up websites with flashy animations and illustrations. Flat designs stand for simplistic renderings of your designing skills. Simple websites, time and again, have won the battle against their complex counterparts by virtue of being more Google-friendly. They load faster and can easily be comprehended by Google and other search engines. On the other hand, complex sites with an overdose of flashy animations might not even be recognized for the most used keywords simply because Google is unable to recognize flash at present. It is important to use flash within limited spaces. 2017 is definitely going to witness the rise of flat aka more simplistic web designs. Make sure the website designing company hired by you is well aware of the aforementioned trends in order to serve you in the right fashion. In order to be completely sure of the credentials of the designer, make sure you are reading reviews and seeking personal recommendations from peers. While interviewing several designers ask them how much they know about the latest trends in web designing. Keep 2017 in mind while judging answers.

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Mobile Content Market Trends and Opportunities

The mobile content market covers many forms of media such as music, text, pictures, videos, etc. These media forms can be accessed using a mobile device which can be a smartphone or tablet handheld device. Devices such as iPhone, iPad, and Android devices have transformed the way consumer access content.

Mobile Content Market Drivers and Opportunities

The demand for mobile content is growing rapidly. Various factors attribute to the growth of this market.

Market Drivers

Rapidly increasing disposable incomes, innovative products and technologies, and mobile devices with advanced features tend to boost the growth of this market. Decreasing prices with the competitor’s product with increasing mobile bandwidth and speed has also supported the growth of the mobile phone content industry.

A market intelligence firm has stated that the global and the U.S. mobile phone content market was worth $6.5 billion in 2011. It is anticipated to reach a total value of $18.6 billion in 2017, with a CAGR of 19% during the forecast period of 2011 to 2017. On the other hand, factors such as decreasing market share of U.S. sales of ringtones along with distribution and marketing challenges hamper the growth of this market. However, the industry has many opportunities which will increase the revenue shares of the market.

Joint ventures between publishers and marketers and the role of devices and network in the mobile content industry will provide further opportunities for key players in this market. In addition, trends such as growth of social networking and availability of multiple options for substitute products in mobile content industry will support the growth of the market. Key players also have untapped opportunities in the sector of free and fee-based mobile phone content services.

Segmentation of the Mobile Content Industry

The global market for this report is segmented in two major parts which are the revenue-generated and user-type. These two segments are further divided into mobile games, mobile music, and mobile video.

Dominant Mobile Games Sector

The same market intelligence company has stated that the mobile games sector is expected to be the largest segment in the industry and reach a value of $11.4 billion by the end of 2017. Mobile games sector was the largest market sector in 2011 with a revenue share of 53.3%. It is predicted that this segment will further solidify its position in the overall market with a 61.7% market share by the end of 2017. The mobile games market worldwide was worth $3.5 billion in 2011 and will amount to $11.4 billion in 2017 with a 21.9% CAGR during the forecast period.

U.S., the Dominant Regional Sector

According to geography, the global mobile device market is segmented into U.S., Europe, Asia-Pacific, and Rest of the World. The U.S. market for mobile content stood out as the largest regional market with an impressive revenue share of 30.3% in 2011. Faster adoption of mobile content in U.S. will considerably increase the market share to 41% by the end of 2017.

Mobile Content Marketing Trends

It is predicted by market analysts, that in the coming few years the mobile market’s revenue will double than the current figures within a year.

Consumer TrendsConsumers while buying mobile device content tend to compare content features, smart devices, and innovative technologies in the market. This factor tends to impact the mobile content industry greatly. The demand for mobile content will continue to grow in future as more mobile devices arrive every month on the market.

Mobile Optimized Sites Vs. Apps

In addition, the competition is growing between mobile optimized sites versus mobile-native content. This trend is one of the biggest struggles for mobile content provides whether to invest in mobile optimized sites or to invest in mobile-native content like apps.

According to Forbes, one of the key components to monetizing the mobile content is by selling apps. However, selling apps for two dollars a piece is not the only way to make apps profitable. Selling ads is one of the way companies can make profit.

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Private Jet Detailing And Aircraft Cleaning Entrepreneurs Have Good News

The general aviation sector has been in the doldrums for quite a while. Some blame this on increased FAA (Federal Aviation Administration) regulations, much of which occurred after 9-11 to protect airports from potential terrorists, unfortunately these increased security requirements and increased regulations have stifled the general aviation (GA) sector. The economic crashes of 2000 and 2008 didn’t help, although in 2003 the economy was flying high thanks to Bush Tax Cuts and stimulus, then it hit a wall again and didn’t really do well until the run-up just before the 2008 crash.

The GA sector has only slightly recovered since then but not back to its 2003 highs. When Obama got elected he railed against Corporate Jets and Corporate Fat Cats which hurt jet sales and new aircraft sales. Remember when congress went after the Auto Makers for flying their corporate jets to Washington DC to beg for bailouts? Public sentiment against GA was at an all-time low. All of this had hurt aircraft cleaners and jet detailers – it made it tough to make money, but it looks like things are changing and the number of GA Aircraft is increasing. This new Trump Administration is pro-Aviation unlike the Obama Administration. Cutting corporate taxes will also help GA and jet sales. It looks like clear skies ahead for those in the General Aviation services business.

There was a great article in AIN – Aircraft International News – December Edition titled; “UBS Bizjet Index Sees Post-election Surge,” by Chad Trautvetter posted on December 12, 2016 which noted the following facts; The new Trump Administration in the U.S. is widely seen as a positive, with 61 percent of those surveyed expecting the outcome of the U.S. presidential election to ultimately be positive for the business jet market, while 11 percent don’t see a positive impact and 28 percent are uncertain. In fact the article went on to note that there was an increase of between 44-49% increased orders for private jets over last year. Many of those aircraft will be delivered by 2018, and the backlog will increase used aircraft sales and current new inventory. More aircraft certainly means more aircraft to clean and more new aircraft means more corporate detailing customers as well. Meanwhile, along with the fractional jet market, we see jet air-taxi services on the increase as well as Uber style aircraft ride-sharing plans smaller companies can buy into. All of this means the GA sector is ready to take off again and that’s good for business.